power outages

Power outages in Pakistan are a major threat to the economy and households. Every year, Pakistan faces a lot of minor and few major power outages and endures many commercial losses as well as human losses due to blackouts or disruption of electric supply in residential and commercial areas. To understand the process and arrive to a possible resolution, let us proceed into the article further.

Why do Power Outages Occur?

Power disruption in Pakistan occurs for multiple reasons. From planned load shedding schedules to major equipment failures that lead to total blackouts. These are the main reasons resulting in loss of power across the country.

Lack of Power Manufacturing

Power outages occur when there is not much electricity being created at the power station, creating interference in continuous flow of current at the transmissions and distribution points. This is one of the major reasons contributing in the loss of power, due to negligence in the power production, it has led to about Rs.200 billion of loss in the power production sector in the previous year.


Electricity thefts (Kundaas)

These are also a major cause of declining abundant supply of electricity. In 2022, A whopping Rs.237 billion, and in 2023, an amount of Rs.589 billion of electricity theft had been reported in Pakistan. Crippling down on the abundant supply of electricity across the specific areas. Which also leads to equipment failure due to overheat.

The scarcity of financial budget for power plant

Pakistan is an unbalanced country in terms of various aspects which include finances, so we know that it does not have a sufficient amount of budget to build and maintain well working power plants. As a result, National Electric Power Regulation Authority (NEPRA) has issued K Electric Rs.392 billion investment plan on rebuilding and maintaining the equipment and reduce the losses created by persistent disruption of power.

Planned Load Shedding

This is a simple yet crucial one, it is one of the main grounds for power outages. It poses a major threat to human life in extreme weather conditions and also hinders industrial advancements which are essential for country’s growth.
Due to this reason, power distributers are held accountable to limit the duration of load shedding and improve the production of electricity across the country.

Resolving the Power Crises of Pakistan:

The government, however, is trying to resolve the power crisis by taking steps which include Power Projects across the country like dams, solar fields, Import from other countries, and switching the street lights from tungsten to LEDs. These measures have reportedly proved to be very helpful and have saved billions of Rupees for Pakistan in producing electricity and having investment capital for more expenditures in power manufacturing sector. Furthermore, Anti-electricity theft operations have played a big role in dampening down the electricity loss in the power grid. Cutting down on the loss in revenue generation by Rs.1.92 billion as per recent reports. These steps can prove to be ideally helpful in saving the country from the crippling down of energy production that has to meet the supply demands.


Electricity crisis in Pakistan are a major threat from decades and have been corroding the overall economy, infrastructure, and livability of the country. According to a recent information, KE had been warned that FIRs will be charged against them if any more fatalities during this scorching heat-wave occur. Furthermore, More than 8 million Pakistanis have migrated to different countries due to this persistent problem. It is imminently required from the power distributers to reduce if not eliminate the shortages of power production and improve the operations happening in the power plants because this will be beneficial for the citizens’ better life quality and for economic development of the country.

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